Category: NO. 2/2011

Od Redakcji

Serdecznie dziękujemy panu prof. dr. hab. Włodzimierzowi Klucińskiemu – kierownikowi Kliniki Małych Zwierząt SGGW oraz panu prof. dr. hab. Antoniemu Schollenbergerowi – redaktorowi naczelnemu „Życia Weterynaryjnego” , za pomoc w realizacji naszego projektu.

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Chronic superficial keratitis in dogs current methods of diagnosis and therapy

Chronic superficial keratitis (keratitis superficialis chronica) is common potentially blinding, ocular diseases of dogs. The illness proceeds with the symptoms of blood vessels ingrowing, infiltration of the fibro-vascular tissue and the corneal pigmentation which appear in bottom quadrants of cornea. It is thought to be an immunological based illness but the exact reason for chronic superficial keratitis is still unknown.

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The Feline Glaucoma

Aqueous humor is produced by the ciliary body by active secretion and filtration of plasma. Most of the aqueous humor flows from the posterior chamber, through the pupil, to the anterior chamber, and exit at the iridocorneal angle into the intrascleral venous plexus. The balance between formation and drainage maintains intraocular pressure. In glaucoma the pressure in the eye increased. Prolonged or recurrent elevation of intraocular pressure lead to degeneration of the retina and optic nerve. The presence of a “red eye”, corneal edema, mydriasis, blepharospasm, blidness, and buphtalmos can be seen. Pupillary light reflex may be slow or absent.

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Tonometry should be a routine component of an ophtalmic examination. It is an essential examination providing rapid diagnosis, especially for glaucoma or uveitis. Tonometry is noninvasive and quick and allows to take up the right treatment. To messure the intraocular pressure Schiǿtz tonometer, Tono-pen, Tonovet and air-puff tonometers can be used. Tono-pen and Tonovet are the manual devices most widely used in veterinary ophtalmology.

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The most common eye diseases in cat

Many eye problems in the cat are quite different from those found in the dog, or any other animals. Corneal sequestrum, for example, appears to be unique to the cat. Ocular manifestations of systemic disease are quite common in cats and routine examination may be crucial as an aid to diagnosis. Deficiencies of taurine and thiamine can change the appearance of the ocular fundus.

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